Oil is the blood of the engine. Oil is the only fluid in contact with the majority of engine parts, it ensures the protection of the moving parts, reducing friction to increase engine efficiency and reduce wear. Detergent, antioxidant and dispersant components keep the engine clean and protect it from corrosion. The oil also ensures the cooling of engine parts thanks to its heat dissipation power.
What to remember :
- Reducing friction
- Cleaning metal parts
- Protect from corrosion
- Cooling the engine
The constraints as well as the needs of a motorbike lubricant are completely different from those of a car lubricant (higher engine speed, lower crankcase capacity, different functions). This is why we develop specific formulations that meet the most extreme demands.
A bottle of motor oil is composed of several elements that are essential for the proper functioning of the engine. Depending on the product, 70% to 95% of the base oil is found in the bottle.
There are different types of base oil:
– mineral oils
– Hydrocracked oils
– and many others.
Each formulation is supplemented by 5% to 30% of additives such as:
– viscosity modifier
Ester is a synthetic base oil of very high quality. The use of ester-based oils provides high shear strength, excellent resistance to high temperatures and optimum protection, especially during cold starts. Ester deposits a protective film on the internal parts of the engine, increasing its longevity and improving its operation.
The API (automobile petroleum institute) standard measures the performance of lubricants according to the following criteria
- Lubrication properties
- Engine cleanliness,
- Fume emission reduction.
Classification in alphabetical order allows products to be ranked on a scale from the least to the most efficient.
The JASO (Japanese automotive society organisation) standard classifies motorbike lubricants according to their level of friction. A high level of friction (JASO MA2) avoids the risk of clutch slippage and guarantees optimum operation of the clutch and gearbox. A low level of friction (JASO MB) reduces fuel consumption for scooters with a dry clutch.
The viscosity of an oil is its ability to resist flow and is measured in mm²/s. To classify this, oils are classified with two indices.
- The index before the W (Winter) is the cold viscosity index allowing the engine to start cold. There are 6 cold viscosity indices (0W-5W-10W-15W-20W-25W).
- The index after the W is the hot viscosity index (measured at 100°C). It characterises the thickness of the oil film when hot. There are 4 hot viscosity indices (30-40-50-60).
In both cases, the lower the viscosity index, the more fluid the oil will be.
The speed and easyshift is an innovation specific to IPONE. This innovation allows a fast and smooth gear change, increasing driving comfort.
The off-road version has been specifically designed to guarantee optimum protection of the clutch, which is highly stressed in off-road use when starting or exiting corners.
The road version has been optimised for perfect engine operation at high engine speeds.
A 4-stroke engine oil is stored in the crankcases. Its purpose is to lubricate and cool all the moving parts inside the engine (pistons, connecting rods, crankshaft, clutch, gearbox, etc.).
A 2-stroke engine oil is of a completely different design. 2-stroke engine oil must be able to mix easily with petrol, withstand extreme temperatures and be able to burn without leaving deposits. It lubricates, through the passage of the mixture, only the piston, the connecting rod and the crankshaft. In a two-stroke engine, the gearbox and clutch are lubricated by an oil different from that of the engine.
A used oil recovery system exists in France. The general tax on polluting activities (TGAP), to which our lubricants are generally subject, finances this collection.
Please note that only certain approved companies can dispose of your used lubricants in compliance with the law. This is particularly the case for waste disposal centres for used oil, but they will probably not accept large quantities.
Take care not to throw your lubricants into the environment.
The production date of our oils is written on each package. We consider that if the product has been kept in good conditions, hermetically sealed at less than 50°C, the oil can be kept for three years with all the quality of the product. Beyond this date we no longer guarantee the conformity of the product.
A manufacturing number and silk-screen printing on each oil can (FAB. …..). The first three digits indicate the day of manufacture and the last two digits indicate the year of manufacture.
Example: FAB. 28615Product manufactured on the 286th day of the year 2015, i.e. 13 October 2015.
The amount of oil to be dosed depends on the volume of petrol you wish to use.
Generally speaking, the recommended dosage can vary from 2% to 4% depending on the use of the motorbike and the oil used.
Our transmission oils are multigrade extreme pressure oils, they are characterised by a cold viscosity grade, a hot viscosity grade and an API standard. As with engine oils, the higher the grade, the thicker the oil. The lower the grade, the thinner the oil.
The ability of transmission oils to withstand the high loads generated by transmissions is classified by the API standard SAE J 308 JAN96.
- API GL4 : For transmissions under moderately severe conditions, hypoid axles operating without load shock.
- API GL5 : For transmissions under very severe conditions. Hypoid axles operating with load shocks.
Each fork is designed to operate with a given oil viscosity, so it is essential to use an oil corresponding to the manufacturer’s recommendation for optimum fork operation.
For the same fork with a standard setting, the higher the oil viscosity, the stiffer the fork behaviour will be.
The actual viscosity (in mm²/s or CST) of our oils is indicated in the technical data sheets of each of our products.
Brake fluid is an essential element contributing to your safety. It is therefore essential to pay the greatest attention to it and to scrupulously respect the manufacturer’s recommendations.
The role of the brake fluid is to transmit the pressure generated by the transmitter to the caliper and the pistons. Part of the thermal energy thus transformed is therefore transmitted to the brake fluid, which can reach its boiling point.
There are various brake fluids classified according to SAE and DOT. Brake fluid performance is classified according to viscosity, dry boiling point and wet boiling point.
Please note that there are DOT5 type brake fluids on the market which are not miscible with any other brake fluid. Always refer to the markings on the brake fluid jar.
In a 4-stroke engine, the engine oil is stored in the crankcase to lubricate the moving parts, piston, crankshaft but also gearbox and clutch.
The oil is pumped into the crankcase and then directed to the lubrication system to protect the parts and prevent them from coming into contact with each other..
In a 2-stroke engine, the engine oil is mixed with fresh gas (air + petrol) to lubricate the moving parts, piston, crankshaft, but the gearbox and clutch are separated and lubricated by a different oil.
The oil is mixed with petrol to protect the parts and avoid contact.
More generally, it is important to choose a motor oil according to its quality, the manufacturer’s recommendations and the use you make of the vehicle. For this, viscosity grades as well as API and JASO standards are the best indicators.